What is Ambien 5mg?
Ambien 5mg is a medication to treat insomnia in adults. It is an effective sedative-hypnotic drug that is available on prescription.
Ambien is also available as a brand name Zolpidem; it helps in taking better night sleep.
However, it comes in two forms, such as extended-release and immediate-release formulations.
The immediate-release form of Ambien 5mg helps in falling asleep faster by dissolving faster. Whereas extended-release tablets first layer dissolve quicker and makes you sleep while the second layer dissolves slowly and stay you asleep. However, the sublingual tablet dissolves under the tongue.
Why Ambien 5mg used?
Zolpidem oral tablets are helpful in treating insomnia. It is a condition in which a person feels trouble in falling asleep.
However, The immediate-release tablets and sublingual tablets are used to treat the condition of trouble falling asleep. The extended-release tablets of Zolpidem used to treat difficulty falling asleep and staying asleep.
Besides, the low dosage (1.75-mg and 3.5-mg), sublingual tablets helps when you wake up in the middle of the night and get trouble in falling back to sleep.
How Do Ambien works?
However, it belongs to the class of sedatives. It is a group of medications that works in a similar way, also they are helpful in treating similar conditions.
It works by increasing the effects of GABA, a natural chemical that helps in sleep. Due to an increase in its activity, it helps in falling asleep faster.
Ambien, Edluar, and generic formulations:
Adult dose for Insomnia: The initial dose for women is 5 mg once before bedtime. And for men, it is 5-10 mg once before bedtime.
Increment of Dose: The doctor will advise increasing the dose if the 5 mg is not working
Well. However, do not increase the dose by yourself.
Maximum dosage: Do not exceed the limit of more than 10 mg right before bedtime.
Children dosage: Ambien is not a well-known medication in children. However, it should
not be used in patients who are younger than 18.
Dosage for Elderly patients: Ambien 5mg once right before bedtime or as prescribed.
Elderly Patients with liver disease: Ambien 5 mg once right before bedtime
(for the patients who have mild to moderate liver issues). However, avoid Ambien drug if you have a condition of severe liver disease.
Side effects of Ambien 5mg
Common side effects of Ambien can include:
- dry mouth
- chest pain
- vomiting/muscle pain
However, it is not a complete list of side effects; others may also happen. Additionally, do not take the medication abruptly or without prescription, it may cause overdose, abuse or side effects.
Besides, if these effects may be mild, then they will vanish in some days. But if they stay more than a week, seek emergency medical help immediately. You can also call 911 for help.
Little some of the interaction is provided here, they include:
- Medicines that treat fungal infections
- Ritonavir and atazanavir
It may also interact with others.